List of names for ISO releases


(Neofytos Kolokotronis) #1

Naming scheme

The naming scheme decided by the team is famous engineers and scientists from history.

Previously used names

  • 2012.02 - Archimedes
  • 2013.02 - Benz
  • 2014.02 - Curie
  • 2014.05 - Descartes
  • 2014.09 - Euler
  • 2015.11 - Fermi
  • 2017.03 - Goedel

Alphabetical list of names

The following list contains suggestions for future Chakra releases names. You can add your proposals in the right section or leave a comment below with a link if you can’t edit the text.

Strike out entries have already been used.

The list was imported from the initial entry on our old wiki, where it was maintained by many members of our community.


Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Among his advances in physics are the foundations of hydrostatics, statics and an explanation of the principle of the lever. He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name.


Charles Babbage originated the concept of a programmable computer, and is credited with inventing the first mechanical computer that eventually led to more complex designs.

John Bardeen was an American physicist and electrical engineer, the only person to have won the Nobel Prize in Physics twice: first in 1956 with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for the invention of the transistor; and again in 1972 with Leon N Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer for a fundamental theory of conventional superconductivity known as the BCS theory.

Alexander Graham Bell is credited with inventing the first practical telephone.

Karl Friedrich Benz is the inventor of the gasoline-powered car.

George Boole is the inventor of Boolean logic — the basis of modern digital computer logic.

Brahmagupta (ब्रह्मगुप्त) is considered to be the most indispensable mathematician in history of mathematics.

Carl Bosch was a chemist and engineer and Nobel laureate in chemistry. He was a pioneer in the field of high-pressure industrial chemistry.


Georg Ferdinand Ludwig Philipp Cantor is the inventor of set theory, which has become a fundamental theory in mathematics.

Alonzo Church is best known for the lambda calculus, Church–Turing thesis, solving the Entscheidungsproblem, Frege–Church ontology, and the Church–Rosser theorem.

Edgar Frank “Ted” Codd invented the relational model for database management, the theoretical basis for relational databases.

Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik) was the first person to formulate a comprehensive heliocentric cosmology which displaced the Earth from the center of the universe.

Marie Skłodowska-Curie is famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity.


Da Vinci
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, born on the XV century, conceptualised a helicopter, a tank, concentrated solar power, a calculator, the double hull, and he outlined a rudimentary theory of plate tectonics.

De Fermat
Pierre de Fermat is given credit for early developments that led to infinitesimal calculus, including his adequality.

René Descartes had great influence in mathematics, the Cartesian coordinate system being named after him, and was one of the key figures in the Scientific Revolution.

Edsger Wybe Dijkstra was a Dutch computer scientist. Among his contributions to computer science are a shortest path algorithm, known as Dijkstra’s algorithm; the Shunting yard algorithm; the THE multiprogramming system, an important early example of structuring a system as a set of layers; the Banker’s algorithm; and the semaphore construct for coordinating multiple processors and programs.

Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac was an English theoretical physicist who made fundamental contributions to the early development of both quantum mechanics and quantum electrodynamics.

August Dvorak was an educational psychologist and professor of education at the University of Washington. He and his brother-in-law, William Dealey, are best known for creating the Dvorak Simplified Keyboard layout in the 1930s as a replacement for the QWERTY keyboard layout.


Thomas Alva Edison developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb.

Albert Einstein developed the theory of general relativity, effecting a revolution in physics.

Euclid (Εὐκλείδης Eukleidēs), also known as Euclid of Alexandria, deduced the principles of what is now called Euclidean geometry from a small set of axioms.

Euler was a Swiss mathematician, physicist, astronomer, logician and engineer who made important and influential discoveries in many branches of mathematics


Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit is best known for inventing the alcohol thermometer and the mercury thermometer, and for developing a temperature scale now named after him.

Michael Faraday is known for his work regarding electricity and magnetism, inventor of the voltaic pile, he discovered electromagnetic induction.

Leonardo Fibonacci is best known to the modern world for the spreading of the Hindu-Arabic numeral system in Europe.

Enrico Fermi was an Italian physicist, best known for having built the Chicago Pile-1 (the first nuclear reactor), and for his contributions to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical mechanics.

Augustin-Jean Fresnel was a French engineer and physicist who contributed significantly to the establishment of the theory of wave optics. Fresnel studied the behaviour of light both theoretically and experimentally.


Galileo Galilei played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism.

Carl Friedrich Gauss had a remarkable influence in many fields of mathematics and science.

Josiah Willard Gibbs was an American scientist who made important theoretical contributions to physics, chemistry, and mathematics. His work on the applications of thermodynamics was instrumental in transforming physical chemistry into a rigorous deductive science.

William Gilbert is best known for his studies of magnetism, and is regarded by some as the father of electrical engineering or electricity and magnetism.

Kurt Friedrich Gödel is best known for his two incompleteness theorems.

Elisha Gray is best known for his development of a telephone prototype, and is considered to be the father of the modern music synthesizer.

Alexander Grothendieck was a distinguished mathematician of the 20th century. His contribution to pure mathematics, among others, lead him to be awarded with the fields medal in 1966.


Stephen Hales (17 September 1677 – 4 January 1761), was an English clergyman who made major contributions to a range of scientific fields including botany, pneumatic chemistry and physiology. He also invented several scientific and medical devices and tools.

Edmond Halley (/ˈɛdmənd ˈhæli/) (1656 – 1741]) was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist. He computed the orbit of Halley’s Comet, which was named after him as a result.

Margaret Hamilton was the leader of the team that developed the on-board flight software for the Apollo space program. She popularized the term “software engineering” when software developing was not yet considered a separate discipline.
Note: unlike most entries, as of 2017 she is alive, so we would need to ask her permission.

Otto Hahn, (8 March 1879 – 28 July 1968)[1] was a German chemist and pioneer in the fields of radioactivity and radiochemistry. He is referred to as the father of nuclear chemistry. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1944 for the discovery and the radiochemical proof of nuclear fission.

Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author, and director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge.

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (August 31, 1821 – September 8, 1894) was a German physician, physicist and philosopher who made significant contributions in several scientific fields.

Werner Karl Heisenberg was a theoretical physicist who made foundational contributions to quantum mechanics and is best known for asserting the uncertainty principle of quantum theory.

Hero (or Heron) of Alexandria (Ἥρων ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς) published a well recognized description of a steam-powered device called an “aeolipile” and invented a windwheel.

Heinrich Rudolf Hertz was the first to conclusively prove the existence of electromagnetic waves by engineering instruments to transmit and receive radio pulses using experimental procedures that ruled out all other known wireless phenomena.

David Hilbert discovered and developed a broad range of fundamental ideas in many areas, including invariant theory and the axiomatization of geometry.

Hippocrates of Kos (Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos; c. 460 – c. 370 BC) was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is often referred to as the “Father of Medicine”.

Edward Hitchcock (May 24, 1793 – February 27, 1864) was an American geologist who left his mark in paleontology. He discovered some of the first fossil fishes in the United States.

Grace Murray Hopper developed the first compiler, the programming language COBOL and the term “bug / debugging”.

Bernardo Alberto Houssay (April 10, 1887 – September 21, 1971) was an Argentine physiologist who, in 1947, received one half Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the role played by pituitary hormones in regulating the amount of blood sugar (glucose) in animals.

Edwin Powell Hubble (November 20, 1889 – September 28, 1953) was an American astronomer. He played a crucial role in establishing the fields of extragalactic astronomy and observational cosmology and is regarded as one of the most important astronomers of all time.

Christiaan Huygens (14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution.

Mathematician and philosopher, first female scientist we have knowledge of.


Jean David Ichbiah was a computer scientist and the chief designer (from 1977–1983) of Ada, a general-purpose, strongly typed programming language with certified validated compilers.

Kaoru Ishikawa was a university professor and influential quality management innovator best known in North America for the Ishikawa or cause and effect diagram (also known as fishbone diagram) that is used in the analysis of industrial process.

Ernst Ising was a physicist known for the development of the Ising model, one of the simplest statistical models with a high range of applicability.


Clarence Leonard “Kelly” Johnson was an aircraft engineer and aeronautical innovator. Working at Lockheed, Johnson designed several aircrafts such as the P-38, Constellation family, F-80 and T-33, P2V Neptune, F-84, F-104 Starfighter, C-130 Hercules, U-2, Blackbird family and others.

James Prescott Joule studied the nature of heat, and discovered its relationship to mechanical work, which led to the theory of conservation of energy, which led to the development of the first law of thermodynamics.


William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, did important work in the mathematical analysis of electricity and formulation of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and did much to unify the emerging discipline of physics in its modern form.

Johannes Kepler was a German astronomer and mathematician considered key figure in the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century. It is best known for having formulated the three fundamental laws of celestial mechanics, known as Kepler’s laws.

Stephen Cole Kleene helped lay the foundations for theoretical computer science, and invented regular expressions.

Jack St. Clair Kilby is co-inventor of the integrated circuit, and inventor of the handheld calculator and the thermal printer.

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff was a German physicist who contributed to the fundamental understanding of electrical circuits, spectroscopy, and the emission of black-body radiation by heated objects.


Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was a German mathematician and philosopher that developed the infinitesimal calculus.

Edward Norton Lorenz discovered the strange attractor notion and coined the term “butterfly effect”.

Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace is known for her work on Charles Babbage’s early mechanical general-purpose computer, the analytical engine. Her notes on the engine include what is recognised as the first algorithm intended to be processed by a machine.


Ernst Mach was an Austrian physicist and philosopher, noted for his contributions to physics such as the Mach number and the study of shock waves.

James Clerk Maxwell of Glenlair formulated classical electromagnetic theory, his equations demonstrated that electricity, magnetism and light are all manifestations of the same phenomenon, namely the electromagnetic field.

Julius Robert von Mayer (November 25, 1814 – March 20, 1878) was a German physician and physicist and one of the founders of thermodynamics.

Helped discovering nuclear fission.

César Milstein received Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal antibodies.

August Ferdinand Möbius was a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer best known for his discovery of the Möbius strip, a non-orientable two-dimensional surface with only one side when embedded in three-dimensional Euclidean space.

Samuel Finley Breese Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code, and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.


Sir Isaac Newton described laws of motion and law of gravity in ‘‘Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica’’ (1687).

Alfred Bernhard Nobel is the inventor of dynamite.

Amalie Emmy Noether was a mathematician sometimes refered as the most important woman on the history of mathematics. Among her contributions is the Noether’s theorem, a connection between symmetry and conservation laws.

Robert Norton Noyce co-invented the integrated circuit.


Georg Simon Ohm determined that there is a direct proportionality between the potential difference applied across a conductor and the resultant electric current, relationship now known as Ohm’s law.

Julius Robert Oppenheimer is often called the “father of the atomic bomb” for his role in the Manhattan Project, the World War II project that developed the first nuclear weapons.


Blaise Pascal made important contributions to the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum.

Louis Pasteur is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases. His discoveries reduced mortality from puerperal fever, and he created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax.

Raúl Pateras Pescara was an engineer and inventor specializing in automobiles, helicopters, as well as free-piston engines. In the 1920’s, Pescara achieved one of the first successful applications of cyclic pitch. He was also the first to demonstrate that a helicopter with engine failure could still reach the ground safely by means of autorotation.

Émile Picard was a French mathematician. He was elected the fifteenth member to occupy seat 1 of the Académie française in 1924.

Pythagoras of Samos made influential contributions to philosophy and religious teaching in the late 6th century BC. He is often revered as a great mathematician, mystic and scientist, but he is best known for the Pythagorean theorem which bears his name.


Daniel Gray “Dan” Quillen (June 22, 1940 – April 30, 2011) was an American mathematician.

Frank Stringfellow Quinn, III (born 1946) is an American mathematician and professor of mathematics at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, specializing in geometric topology.


Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie created the C programming language and co-created the Unix operating system.

Guido van Rossum is a Dutch computer programmer who is best known as the author of the Python programming language.

James E. Rumbaugh is an American computer scientist and object methodologist who is best known for his work in creating the Object Modeling Technique (OMT) and the Unified Modeling Language (UML).

Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson was a New Zealand-British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics.


Carl Edward Sagan was an American astronomer, astrophysicist, cosmologist, author, science popularizer and science communicator in astronomy and natural sciences and Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI) promotor.

Claude Elwood Shannon is famous for having founded information theory, and is also credited with founding both digital computer and digital circuit design theory.

:Richard Matthew Stallman launched the GNU Project to create a free Unix-like operating system, initiating the free software movement.

:Bjarne Stroustrup is most notable for the creation and the development of the widely used C++ programming language.

Ernst Werner von Siemens was an inventor and industrialist. Siemens’ name has been adopted as the SI unit of electrical conductance, the siemens.


Nikola Tesla (Никола Тесла) is best known for developing the modern alternating current (AC) electrical supply system.

Kenneth Lane Thompson is notable for his work with the B programming language, the C programming language, and as one of the creators and early developers of the Unix and Plan 9 operating systems.

Linus Benedict Torvalds is best known for having initiated the development of the open source Linux kernel. He also created the revision control system Git.

Alan Mathison Turing was highly influential in the development of computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of “algorithm” and “computation” with the Turing machine, which played a significant role in the creation of the modern computer.


In 1925, George Eugene Uhlenbeck and Samuel Goudsmit introduced the concept of electron spin, which posits an intrinsic angular momentum for all electrons.

Harold Clayton Urey was an American physical chemist whose pioneering work on isotopes earned him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1934. He played a significant role in the development of the atom bomb, but may be most prominent for his contribution to theories on the development of organic life from non-living matter.


Van Allen
The Van Allen radiation belts were named after him, following the 1958 satellite missions (Explorer 1 and Explorer 3) in which Van Allen had argued that a Geiger counter should be used to detect charged particles.

Count Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Gerolamo Umberto Volta is known especially for the invention of the battery.


Larry Wall is a computer programmer and author, most widely known as the creator of the Perl programming language.

James Watt. His improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution.

Wiener is regarded as the originator of cybernetics, a formalization of the notion of feedback, with many implications for engineering, systems control, computer science, biology, philosophy, and the organization of society.

Niklaus Emil Wirth is a Swiss computer scientist, best known for designing several programming languages such as Euler, Algol W, Pascal, Modula, Modula-2, Oberon, Oberon-2, and Oberon-07.


Daoxing Xia (Chinese: 夏道行, Pinyin: Xià Dàoxíng) is a renowned Chinese American mathematician. He is now a professor at the Department of Mathematics, Vanderbilt University, USA. He became the academician of Chinese Academy of Science in 1980.


Edward Nash Yourdon is known as one of the lead developers of the structured analysis techniques of the 1970s, as co-developer of the Yourdon/Whitehead method for object-oriented analysis/design in the late 1980s and the Coad/Yourdon methodology for object-oriented analysis/design in the 1990s.

Hideki Yukawa received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his prediction about the existence of mesons on the basis of their theoretical work on nuclear forces.


Lotfali Askar Zadeh is the founder of fuzzy mathematics, fuzzy set theory, and fuzzy logic.

Konrad Zuse was a German civil engineer and computer pioneer. His greatest achievement was the world’s first functional program-controlled Turing-complete computer, the Z3, which became operational in May 1941.